The Second World War sparked the widespread migration of Soviet citizens to the rear of the USSR. These migrations included official, state-organised evacuations and deportations in addition to the non-sanctioned, panicked flight from the entrance by both general citizenry and necessary officers. The evacuation of Soviet residents and industry throughout World War II was an essential component of their overall success in the struggle, and Central Asia served as a main destination for evacuees. The space was subject to a number of growth schemes and, like Soviet Central Asia, one focus was on the rising of the cotton money crop. These efforts had been overseen by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. The XPCC also inspired Han Chinese to return to Xinjiang after many had migrated out through the Muslim revolts against the Qing Dynasty.
The main opposition to Russian expansion into Turkestan got here from the British, who felt that Russia was growing too powerful and threatening the northwest frontiers of British India. This rivalry came to be generally known as The Great Game, where both powers competed to advance their own interests within the region. It did little to slow the pace of conquest north of the Oxus, however did ensure that Afghanistan remained unbiased as a buffer state between the 2 Empires. By the 1800s, the locals could do little to withstand the Russian advance, although the Kazakhs of the Great Horde underneath Kenesary Kasimov rose in revolt from 1837 to 1846.
Russian rule nonetheless remained distant … Read More